Well, I've just spent my kids nap time not doing much in the way fun really. However, it is informative. I've been researching the history of our fine National Guard and State Defense Forces. I've found they run parallel in history until after the Spanish American War and became separate in 1933 officially. In 1903, you had the Militia Act of 1903 or the Dick Act named after Senator Charles Dick, a Major General in the Ohio National Guard at the time. It gave the militia greater federal funds, with the strings of complying with greater Regular Army and federal regulations. The National Defense Act of 1916 made them all the "National Guard" and turned them into a reserve component of the US Army. In 1933, US Code Title 32 did separate them from the State Guard and State Defense Forces that only had State obligations to fulfill.
What concerns me is really the idea behind Federal forces in the United States being used to respond to disasters within the United States. After the Civil War Reconstruction, it was determined that US Federal Forces shouldn't ever be used against American citizens again, so they wrote the Posse Comitatus Act which hasn't been repealed yet. However, just last month, the 1st BCT 3rd Infantry Division has been put on alert for Northern Command for duty WITHIN THE UNITED STATES in event of disaster. This is purely a knee jerk reaction to Katrina and the need of the Federal Government to save face from 'lack' of federal aid. Really, its the state of Louisiana and especially the City of New Orleans that failed to be prepared and caused the disaster for they're residents. Are so many states really so lazy that the Federal Government must pick up that much slack? Why aren't these people writing they're GOVERNORS demanding that the State form a State Guard or State Defense Force to deal with the problems without having to worry about being deployed overseas like the National Guard? Why aren't these men and women VOLUNTEERING for service in existing State Guard and State Defense Forces? I guess they're just too damn lazy to stick they're necks out for the local community. So they leave it to the Federal government, and then bitch about the possibility that the federal government might declare martial law.
Bibliography so far:
“State of Alaska Department of Military and Veterans Affairs, Alaska State Defense Force” http://www.ak-prepared.com/asdf/ October 10, 2008
Brinkerhoff, John R. COL USA(RET), Bankus, Brent C. LTC USA (RET), Peterson, Fredrick LTC USMC (RET) “State Defense Force National Standards Recommendations” [Online] Available http://www.sgaus.org/SDFStandards06.pdf October 10, 2008
“Army National Guard History” [Online] Available http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/arng-history.htm
Carafano, James Jay LTC USA (RET) “A Well-Regulated Militia” [Online] Available http://www.legion.org/national/divisions/magazine/release?id=63 October 10, 2008
“State Defense Forces” [Online] Available http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_Defense_Forces October 10, 2008
“Alaska Territorial Guard” [Online] Available http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaska_Territorial_Guard October 10, 2008
“National Guard- Further Readings” [Online] Available http://law.jrank.org/pages/8728/National-Guard.html October 10, 2008
“Alaska State Defense Force” [Online] Available http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaska_State_Defense_Force October 10, 2008
“Posse Comitatus Act” [Online] Available http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posse_Comitatus_Act October 10, 2008
“Posse Comitatus, Common Law” [Online] Available http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posse_comitatus_(common_law) October 10, 2008
“Militia” [Online] Available http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Militia October 10, 2008
“National Guard of the United States” [Online] Available http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Guard_of_the_United_States October 10, 2008
“The Militia Act of 1903” [Online] Available http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Militia_Act_of_1903 October 10, 2008
Introduction by Bernstein, R.B. The Constitution of the United States of America with the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation Barnes and Noble 2002.
Hamilton, Alexander “The Federalist No. 29” The Federalist Papers Bantam Classic Edition 1982, pgs 138-143.
Holmes, Richard “Home Guard” The Oxford Companion to Military History Oxford University Press 2001, pg. 411.
Holmes, Richard “Militia” The Oxford Companion to Military History Oxford University Press 2001, pp. 588-589.
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